Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)
What Is Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP)?
Although blood is mainly a liquid (called plasma), it also contains small solid components (red cells, white cells, and platelets.) The platelets are best known for their importance in clotting blood. However, platelets also contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors which are very important in the healing of injuries.
PRP is plasma with many more platelets than what is typically found in blood. The concentration of platelets — and, thereby, the concentration of growth factors — can be 5 to 10 times greater (or richer) than usual.
To develop a PRP preparation, blood must first be drawn from a patient. The platelets are separated from other blood cells and their concentration is increased during a process called centrifugation. Then the increased concentration of platelets is combined with the remaining blood.
How Does PRP Work?
Although it is not exactly clear how PRP works, laboratory studies have shown that the increased concentration of growth factors in PRP can potentially speed up the healing process.
To speed healing, the injury site is treated with the PRP preparation. This can be done in one of two ways:
PRP can be carefully injected into the injured area. For example, in Achilles tendonitis, a condition commonly seen in runners and tennis players, the heel cord can become swollen, inflamed, and painful. A mixture of PRP and local anesthetic can be injected directly into this inflamed tissue. Afterwards, the pain at the area of injection may actually increase for the first week or two, and it may be several weeks before the patient feels a beneficial effect.
PRP may also be used to improve healing after surgery for some injuries. For example, an athlete with a completely torn heel cord may require surgery to repair the tendon. Healing of the torn tendon can possibly be improved by treating the injured area with PRP during surgery. This is done by preparing the PRP in a special way that allows it to actually be stitched into torn tissues.
What Conditions are Treated with PRP? Is It Effective?
Research studies are currently being conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of PRP treatment. At this time, the results of these studies are inconclusive because the effectiveness of PRP therapy can vary. Factors that can influence the effectiveness of PRP treatment include:
The area of the body being treated
The overall health of the patient
Whether the injury is acute (such as from a fall) or chronic (an injury developing over time)
Chronic Tendon Injuries
According to the research studies currently reported, PRP is most effective in the treatment of chronic tendon injuries, especially tennis elbow, a very common injury of the tendons on the outside of the elbow.
An injection of PRP is used to treat tennis elbow.
Reproduced with permission from Allan K. Mishra, MD, Menlo Park, CA.
The use of PRP for other chronic tendon injuries — such as chronic Achilles tendonitis or inflammation of the patellar tendon at the knee (jumper’s knee) is promising. However, it is difficult to say at this time that PRP therapy is any more effective than traditional treatment of these problems.
Acute Ligament and Muscle Injuries
Much of the publicity PRP therapy has received has been about the treatment of acute sports injuries, such as ligament and muscle injuries. PRP has been used to treat professional athletes with common sports injuries like pulled hamstring muscles in the thigh and knee sprains. There is no definitive scientific evidence, however, that PRP therapy actually improves the healing process in these types of injuries.
More recently, PRP has been used during certain types of surgery to help tissues heal. It was first thought to be beneficial in shoulder surgery to repair torn rotator cuff tendons. However, the results so far show little or no benefit when PRP is used in these types of surgical procedures.
Surgery to repair torn knee ligaments, especially the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is another area where PRP has been applied. At this time, there appears to be little or no benefit from using PRP in this instance.
Some initial research is being done to evaluate the effectiveness of PRP in the treatment of the arthritic knee. It is still too soon to determine if this form of treatment will be any more effective than current treatment methods
Vampire face lift
The Vampire Facial Procedure is an autologous platelet and fibrin processing system, which uses your own blood to prepare a product enabling the administration of your concentrated platelets and tissue building elements (Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP). In the Vampire Facial, PRP can be injected under the eyes, forehead, and smile lines as well as into deep wrinkles to stimulate collagen regrowth allowing the area to tighten and regain the youthful glow that you once had. Skin rejuvenation with PRP can be done on the neck, Décolleté,
, and back of hands as well. PRP can also be applied topically and penetrated deep into the skin with the use of Micro needling
Where is The PRP applied?
The Harevest Tech system collects and processes your own natural tissue building elements for administration. The Vampire Facial prepared PRP can be applied just below the surface of your skin or topically and treated with the Réjuvapen™ which allows the PRP to penetrate into your skin.
Is the Vampire Facial System safe?(Used on thousands of patients⁷潲汤睩
s worldwide, Vampire Facial has been shown to be both safe and effective. Vampire Facial contains only autologous components and no severe adverse reactions have been reported (nodules, bumps or granulomas).
How is treatment with Vampire Facial performed?
Vampire Facial yields a natural biologically-active PRP, loaded with viable platelets that can be applied in a simple, safe, quick, and minimally invasive outpatient procedure. Application typically takes place in the physician’s office. Your doctor/nurse can use a variety of pain management techniques during treatment to ensure your comfort throughout the process.
Are there any side effects?
Since Vampire Facial uses your own blood and does not contain any animal or synthetic components, there is virtually no risk of an allergic reaction and there have been no reported allergic reactions to date. Consequently, skin allergy testing is unnecessary prior to treatment. However, if you have a history of allergies please inform your physician. There have been no known serious side effects reported in actual usage. However, you may experience some common reactions, such as mild irritation, edema, bruising, swelling, itching, discoloration or tenderness at the injection site. These temporary conditions typically resolve themselves within one to two days.
What result can I expect?
The treatment will provide a gradual increase in volume by helping to stimulate your body’s own collagen production. Following your treatment, you will see immediate results. Once the initial swelling goes down, it may take up to 3 weeks to see sustained volume gain.
Will my skin become noticeably hard to the touch?
As this is a natural process using your own biology, there are no known such associated risks.
Does Vampire Facial produce permanent results?
Although not permanent, Vampire Facial PRP offers natural and lasting effects.
Do I need more than one treatment?
Desired results may be achieved in just one visit, but only your medical provider can determine the best results